Knitty: little purls of wisdom
Eweknit
Title
beauty shot
Tangy

Seanair* is the Scottish Gaelic word for grandfather, a name I chose because the person I designed this for is a grandfather with a Celtic ancestry.

There is very little seaming in this cardigan. The body is knit in one long piece from side to side, then the upper back and upper fronts are finished separately. After the body is finished, the shoulders are joined with a 3-needle bind-off, the sleeves are picked up around the armhole opening, and the double collar is picked up around the neck edge. Only the zipper is sewn in.

The design is mirrored around the body: The right front is reflected on a vertical axis to become the right back; the configuration is repeated on the back except that there whole piece is joined (instead of split for a zipper). It could easily be made into a crew-neck pullover by joining the fronts and working twisted stitches into the center front (as is done in the back).

Because it was designed as outerwear, I worked in an underarm gusset for a little more roominess.

*Seanair is pronounced approximately as "SHEN-er" with the accent on the first syllable.

spacer model: Brian Rice
spacer photos: Judith Brodnicki
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SIZE
Men's: S[M, L, XL, 2XL, 3XL, 4XL]
(shown in size L with 4" of ease)

FINISHED MEASUREMENTS
Chest: 38[42, 46, 50, 54, 60, 62] inches
Length: 24[25, 25.5, 27, 27, 27, 27] inches
Sleeve Length (over arm, from top of shoulder): 21.25[22.75, 23.75, 25, 25.75, 26.25, 26.25] inches

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MATERIALS
Yarn

spacer Cascade 220[100% wool; 220yd/201m per 100g skein]; color: Natural; 8[9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 13] skeins; or about 1625[1825, 2100, 2350, 2550, 2725, 2900] yards of worsted weight wool.

Recommended needle size
[always use a needle size that gives you the gauge listed below -- every knitter's gauge is unique]
spacer 1 US #6/4.0mm circular needle of a length appropriate for your size
spacer 1 16-inch US #6/4.0mm circular needle
spacer 1 set(s) US #6/4.0mm double-point needles
spacer 1 16-inch US #4/3.5mm circular needle
spacer 1 set US #4/3.5mm double-point needles

Notions
spacer cable needle [see Pattern Notes for an alternate suggestion]
spacer yarn needle
spacer stitch markers (at least 2)
spacer 1 separating zipper for medium-weight jacket
Note: Length of zipper depends on the length of the front plus the length of the collar. Custom zippers can be ordered online for a reasonable price. But it may be wise to wait until the sweater is finished to purchase.
spacer Straight Pins for pin-basting the zipper and collar facing
spacer Sewing needle and thread for attaching the zipper OR smaller tapestry needle and lengths of 2-ply yarn

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GAUGE

24 sts/34 rows = 4 inches in small diamond texture stitch (after blocking)
Front quarter cable panel (46 sts and 20 rows) measures 5.5 inches wide and 2.5 inches tall after blocking
 

PATTERN NOTES
[Knitty's list of standard abbreviations and techniques can be found here.]

Instead of using a cable needle, you may wish to work cables without a cable needle.

Pattern Stitches
T2R: Slip next st to cn and hold to back of work; k1, then k1 from cn.
2/2 RC: Slip next 2 st to cn and hold to back of work; k2, then k2 from cn.
2/2 LC: Slip next 2 st to cn and hold to front of work; k2, then k2 from cn.
2/2 RPC: Slip next 2 st to cn and hold to back of work; k2, then p2 from cn.
2/2 LPC: Slip next 2 st to cn and hold to front of work; p2, then k2 from cn.

Small Diamond Texture Stitch (SDTS)
[multiple of 6 plus 1]
Row 1 (RS): K3, *p1, k5, rep from * to last 4 sts, p1, k3.
Row 2 (WS): P2, *k1, p1, k1, p3, rep from * to last 5 sts, k1, p1, k1, p2.
Row 3: K1, *P1, k3, p1, k1, rep from * repeat to end.
Row 4: K1, *P5, k1, rep from * to end.
Row 5: As Row 3.
Row 6: As Row 2.
Note that the SDTS will not be in sync with the cable pattern. This texture stitch has a 6-row repeat and the cable pattern has a 20-row repeat.

Wide Garter Rib (side-to-side)
[multiple of 6 plus 1]
Row 1 (RS): K3, *p1, k5, rep from * to last 4 sts, end p1, k3.
Row 2 (WS): Purl.

Wide Garter Rib (in the round)
[multiple of 6]
Rnd 1: [P1, k5], rep to end.
Rnd 2: Knit.

Right Front Cable Panel [46 sts and 20 rows]
Row 1 (RS): K2, p2, 2/2LC, p2, k2, p4, 2/2LC, p4, k2, p2, 2/2LC, p3, 2/2RC, 2/2LC, p3.
Row 2 and all wrong-side rows: K the knit sts and P the purl sts.
Row 3: K2, p2, k4, p2, k2, p4, k4, p4, k2, p2, k4, p3, 2/2RC, 2/2LC, p3.
Row 5: As Row 1.
Row 7: K2, p2, k4, p2, k2, p4, k4, p4, k2, p2, k4, p3, k8, p3.
Row 9: K2, p2, 2/2LC, p2, k2, p4, 2/2LC, p4, k2, p2, 2/2LC, p3, k8, p3.
Row 11: K2, p2, k4, p2, (2/2LPC, 2/2RPC) twice, p2, k4, p3, k8, p3.
Row 13: K2, p2, (2/2LC, p4) twice, 2/2RC, p4, 2/2LC, p3, k8, p3.
Row 15: K2, p2 (k4, p4) 3 times, k4, p3, k8, p3.
Row 17: As Row 13.
Row 19: K2, Ps, k4, p2, (2/2RPC, 2/2LPC) twice, p2, k4, p3, k8, p3.
Row 20: As Row 2.

Right Back Cable Panel [46 sts and 20 rows]
Row 1 (RS): P3, 2/2RC, 2/2LC, p3, 2/2RC, p2, k2, p4, 2/2RC, p4, k2, p2, 2/2RC, p2, T2R.
Row 2 and all wrong-side rows: K the knit sts and P the purl sts.
Row 3: P3, 2/2RC, 2/2LC, p3, k4, p2, k2, p4, k4, p4, k2, p2, k4, p2, T2R.
Row 5: As Row 1.
Row 7: P3, k8, p3, k4, p2, k2, p4, k4, p4, k2, p2, k4, p2, k2.
Row 9: P3, k8, p3, 2/2RC, p2, k2, p4, 2.2RC, p4, k2, p2, 2/2RC, p2, k2.
Row 11: P3, k8, p3, k4, p2, (2/2LPC, 2/2RPC) twice, p2, k4, p2, k2.
Row 13: P3, k8, p3, 2/2RC, p4 2/2LC, (p4, 2/2RC) twice, 2/2RC, p2, k2.
Row 15: P3, k8, p3, (k4, p4) 3 times, k4, p2, k2.
Row 17: As Row 13.
Row 19: P3, k8, p3, k4, p2, (2/2RPC, 2/2LPC) twice, p2, k4, p2, k2.
Row 20: As Row 2.

Left Back Cable Panel [46 sts and 20 rows each]
Row 1 (RS): T2R, p2, 2/2LC, p2, k2, p4, 2/2LC, p4, k2, p2, 2/2LC, p3, 2/2RC, 2/2Lc, p3.
Row 2 and all wrong-side rows: K the knit sts and P the purl sts.
Row 3: T2R, p2, k4, p2, k2, p4, k4, p4, k2, p2, k4, p3, 2/2RC, 2/2LC, p3.
Row 5: As Row 1.
Row 7: K2, p2, k4, p2, k2, p4, k4, p4, k2, p2, k4, k8, p3.
Row 9: K2, p2, 2/2LC, p2, k2, p4, 2/2LC, p4, k2, p2, 2/2LC, p3, k8, p3.
Row 11: K2, p2, k4, p2, (2/2LPC, 2/2RPC) twice, p2, k4, p3, k8, p3.
Row 13: K2, p2, (2/2LC, p4) twice, 2/2RC, p4, 2/2LC, p3, k8, p3.
Row 15: K2, p2, (k4, p4) 3 times, k4, p3, k8, p3.
Row 17: As Row 13.
Row 19: K2, p4, k4, p2, (2/2RPC, 2/2LPC) twice, p2, k4, p3, k8, p3.

Left Front Cable Panel [46 sts and 20 rows each]
Row 1 (RS): P3, 2/2RC, 2/2LC, p3, 2/2RC, p2, k2, p4, 2/2RC, p4, k2, p2, 2/2RC, p2, k2.
Row 2 and all wrong-side rows: K the knit sts and P the purl sts.
Row 3: P3, 2/2RC, 2/2LC, p3, k4, p2, k2, p4, k4, p4, k2, p2, k4, p2, k2.
Row 5: As Row 1.
Row 7: P3, k8, p3, k4, p2, k2, p4, k4, p4, k2, p2, k4, p2, k2.
Row 9: P3, k8, p3, 2/2RC, p2, k2, Pf, 2.2RC, p4, k2, p2, 2/2RC, p2, k2.
Row 11: P3, k8, p3, k4, p2, (2/2LPC, 2/2RPC) twice, p2, k4, p2, k2.
Row 13: P3, k8, p3, 2/2RC, p4, 2/2LC, (p4, 2/2RC) twice, , p2, k2.
Row 15: P3, k8, p3, (k4, p4) 3 times, k4, p2, k2.
Row 17: As Row 13.
Row 19: P3, k8, p3, k4, p2, (2/2RPC, 2/2LPC) twice, p2, k4, p2, k2.

spacerCharts
The charts for this pattern are very large. Each fits on a letter-sized page.
Click below and print each resulting page.

Right front cable panel Left front cable panel Right back cable panelLeft back cable panel


DIRECTIONS

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Cardigan Body
CO 216[248, 264, 296, 312, 344, 360] sts.

Place 3 markers to divide the piece into four panels of 54[62, 66, 74, 79, 86, 90] sts each. Work ribbing as follows:

Rows 1 and 3 (RS): *(K2, p2) to 2 sts before the first marker, k2, SM, k2, p2, rep from * twice, (k2, p2) to last 2 sts, end k2. There are 4 knit sts at each marker (2 on each side of the marker).

Row 2 and all WS rows: k the knit sts and p the purl sts.

Rows 5, 7 and 9: *Continue in rib as set to 2 sts before the first marker, T2R, SM, T2R, p2, rep from * twice, rib to last 2 sts, k2.

Row 11 (and all following odd-numbered rows until rib depth is met): As Row 1.

Work ribbing as set until piece measures 2[2, 2.25, 2.25, 2.5, 2.5, 2.5] inches from CO edge and ending after a WS row.

SIZES S, L, 2XL, and 4XL ONLY
Set-Up Row (RS): *K2, p2, M1, k2, M1, p2, k2, M1p, p2, M1p, M1, k2, M1, M1p, p2, M1p, k2, p2, M1, k2, M1, p2, M1p, (k2, M1) twice, k2, M1p, p2; work Small Diamond Texture Stitch (SDTS) over the next 18[-, 30, -, 42, -, 54] sts, M1, p2, k4 (slipping marker in between), p2, M1, work SDTS over the next 18[-, 30, -, 42, -, 54] sts (starting with k2 instead of k3 because the M1 counts as the first k st). p2, M1p, (k2, M1) twice, M1p, p2, M1, k2, M1, p2, k2, M1p, p2, M1p, M1, k2, M1, M1p, p2, M1p, k2, p2, M1, k2, M1, p2, k2, repeat from * for the second half of the sts, slipping markers as you come to them. 276[-, 324, -, 372, -, 420] sts.

SIZES M, XL, 3XL ONLY
Set-Up Row (RS): *K2, p2, M1, k2, M1, p2, k2, M1p, p2, M1p, M1, k2, M1, M1p, p2, M1p, k2, p2, M1, k2, M1, p2, M1p, (k2, M1) twice, k2, M1p, p2; work Small Diamond Texture Stitch (SDTS) over the next -[24, -, 36, -, 48, -] sts, k2tog, p2, k4 (slipping marker in between), p2, ssk, work SDTS over the next -[24, -, 36, -, 48, -] sts, (starting with k2 instead of k3 because the ssk counts as the first k st). p2, M1p,(k2, M1) twice, M1p, p2, M1, k2, M1, p2, k2, M1p, p2, M1p, M1, k2, M1, M1p, p2, M1p, k2, p2, M1, k2, M1, p2, k2, repeat from * for the second half of the sts, slipping markers as you come to them. -[300, -, 348, -, 396, -] sts.

ALL SIZES
Next row (and all WS rows): In all sections except SDTS, K the knit sts and P the purl sts as they appear. Work the SDTS pattern WS rows as set from chart or text. Use markers to set off these sections if desired.

Next row: Begin working the cable panels with Row 1 as follows: Right Front Panel, SDTS to last 4 sts before side marker, p2, T2R, SM, T2R, p2, SDTS to 46 sts before center back marker, Right Back Panel, Left Back Panel, SDTS to last 4 sts before side marker, p2, T2R, SM T2R, p2, SDTS to 46 sts before end, Left Front Panel.

Transition to Wide Garter Rib Stitch:
Work the cabled sections and the SDTS sections as set until work measures 14[14.5, 14.5, 15.5, 15.5, 15, 15] inches from CO edge, or about 1 inch less than length desired to underarm. When you come to the next Row 1 of the SDTS, begin working Wide Garter Rib Stitch starting with k3, p1. This will complete the diamond and align the purls of the rib with the small diamonds.

Continue working as set until work measures 15[15.5, 15.5, 16.5, 16.5, 16, 16] inches from CO edge, ending after a RS row.

Divide for Armholes:
With WS facing, *work as set to 8[10, 14, 14, 15, 16, 16] sts after the side seam marker, transfer the last 16[20, 28, 28, 30, 32, 32] sts worked to a holder or scrap yarn, rep once from *, work in patterns to end. Place the 61[65, 67, 73, 78, 83, 89] sts for each front half on holders. 122[130, 134, 146, 156, 166, 178] sts on the needle for back panel.

Upper Back
Attach yarn with RS facing, and work Back Cable panels and Wide Garter Rib as set until back measures 9.5[10, 10.5, 11, 11.5, 12, 12] inches from beginning of armholes, ending after a WS row.

Decrease across Back Cable Panels as follows on Row 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, or 11 of the cable motif (these rows will make the pattern more visually pleasing):
Next row (RS): Work Wide Garter Rib as set to the right-hand edge of the cable panel (begins with 3 purl sts), P1, p2tog, ssk, k4, k2tog, p2tog, P1, ssk, k2tog, p2, k2, (p2tog) twice, ssk, k2tog, (p2tog) twice, k2, p2, ssk, k2tog, p2, k4 (slip center back marker), p2, ssk, k2tog, p2, k2, (p2tog) twice, ssk, k2tog, (p2tog) twice, k2, p2, ssk, k2tog, p1, p2tog, ssk, k4, k2tog, p2tog, p1; work Wide Garter Rib as set to the end (28 sts decreased). There should be 94[102, 106, 118, 128, 138, 150] sts remaining.

Transfer sts to holders as follows: 26[30, 30, 32, 35, 37, 42] sts each for Right and Left Shoulders and 42[42, 46, 54, 58, 64, 66] sts for back neck.

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Right Front
Transfer the 61[65, 67, 73, 78, 83, 89] held sts onto the larger needles and join yarn with RS facing.

Continue working as for upper back until work measures approximately 6.75[7.25, 7.75, 7.75, 8.25, 8.25, 8.25] inches from division of armholes, or about 2.75[2.75, 2.75, 3.25, 3.25, 3.75, 3.75] inches from full depth of armhole and ending after a WS row.

Shape Right Front Neckline
Note: If you prefer, you can gradually work the decreases in the cable panel as you work the Front Neckline Shaping

With RS facing, decrease across the cable panel as follows: k2, p2, ssk, k2tog, p2, k2, (p2tog) twice, ssk, k2tog, (p2tog) twice, k2, p2, ssk, k2tog, p2, p2tog, ssk, k4, k2tog, p2tog, p1 (14 sts decreased); then finish rem sts with Wide Garter Rib. 47[51, 53, 59, 64, 69, 75] sts.

Work 1 WS row as set.

Next row (RS):BO 10[10, 12, 12, 14, 15, 16] sts, work to the end as set.
BO 3 sts at the beginning of the next 2 RS rows (all sizes), then BO 2 sts at the beginning of the next 1[1, 1, 3, 3, 4, 4] RS row(s).

Dec 1 st at the neck edge on the next 3 RS rows (all sizes). 26[30, 30, 32, 35, 37, 42] sts.

Work as set until piece measures the same as the back. Place sts on holder.

Left Front
Transfer the 61[65, 67, 73, 78, 83, 89] held sts onto the larger needles and join yarn with RS facing. Continue working as for upper back until work measures approximately 6.75[7.25, 7.75, 7.75, 8.25, 8.25, 8.25] inches from division of armholes, or about 2.75[2.75, 2.75, 3.25, 3.25, 3.75, 3.75] inches from full depth of armhole and ending after a WS row.

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Shape Right Front Neckline:
With RS facing, work Wide Garter Rib to cable panel, then decrease as follows: p1, p2tog, ssk, k4, k2tog, p2tog, P1, ssk, k2tog, p2, k2, (p2tog) twice, ssk, k2tog, (p2tog) twice, k2, p2, ssk, k2tog, p2, k2. 47[51, 53, 59, 64, 69, 75] sts.

Next row (WS):BO 10[10, 12, 12, 14, 15, 16] sts, work to the end as set.
BO 3 sts at the beginning of the next 2 WS rows (all sizes), then BO 2 sts at the beginning of the next 1[1, 1, 3, 3, 4, 4] WS row(s).

Dec 1 st at the neck edge on the next 3 RS rows (all sizes). 26[30, 30, 32, 35, 37, 42] sts.

Work as set until piece measures the same as the back.

FINISH SHOULDERS
With right sides touching, work three-needle bind-off on shoulder stitches to join them.

Turn RS out to begin sleeves.

Sleeves
Slide underarm sts onto 16-inch US 6/4.0mm circular needle. Pick up and knit 1 st at the end of that row of sts, PM, then pick up and knit 45[48, 51, 51, 54, 54, 54] sts along armhole edge (approximately 3 sts for every 4 rows), pick up and knit 1 st at the top center of the shoulder, 45[48, 51, 51, 54, 54, 54] sts along the next armhole edge (same as on the first armhole edge), PM, pick up and knit 1 more st. You should have 109 [119, 137, 137, 147, 147, 151] sts total.

Work across the underarm gusset sts (between the markers) as set, SM, work Wide Garter Rib pattern st centered over the next 91[99, 103, 103, 109, 109, 109] sts, which brings you to the end of the round.

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Note: Remember to keep up the two T2R motif sts which are at the center of the underarm and flanked by 2 purl sts on each side. This motif recurs as it did in the body of the cardigan on Rnds 1, 3, and 5 of every 20-round repeat.

Gusset Decreases
Work underarm gusset st decreases as follows:

Rnd 1: Ssk, work as set to 8-st underarm motif, p2, k4 (or T2R twice as the patt demands), p2, work as set to 2 sts before marker, k2tog (2 sts decreased).

Rnd 2: Work all sts as set (no decreases).

Work these 2 rounds until all underarm gusset sts (except 8-st underarm motif sts) have been decreased (remove markers at last decrease). 99[107, 111, 111, 117, 117, 117] sts including 8-st underarm motif.

Sleeve Decreases
Work underarm gusset st decreases as follows:

Work sleeve decreases on each side of the 8-st under arm motif as follows: Decrease Rnd: K2tog, work Wide Garter Rib as set to 2 sts before the marker, SSK, work 8-st under arm motif as set. (2 sts decreased.)

Work 5[5, 3, 4, 3, 3, 3] rnds even.

Repeat the last 6[6, 4, 5, 4, 4, 4] rnds 1[12, 11, 17, 9, 0, 10] more times.

Work a Decrease Rnd followed by 6[6, 4, 5, 4, 4, 4] even rnds 20[12, 22, 13, 26, 34, 26] times.

Sleeve Cuffs
When sleeve decreases are completed and sleeve is about 2.5 inches less than total length desired, work cuff as follows:
Change to smallest needles and, beginning 1 st before the 8-stitch underarm motif: K1, p2tog, k1, k2tog, k1, p2tog, (k1, p1) to the end of the round. Then work 17 rnds of 1x1 rib. Work suspended bind-off in pattern.

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FINISHING
Collar
Note: Plan before you start. The object of picking up stitches along the front neck edges is to continue the 2 x 2 ribbing pattern straight up from the cable motifs in front and back. Use markers if it helps, but figure out where the 2 x 2 rib stitching will be obvious to work, then plan the number of stitches you will need along the non-cabled edges to accomplish the design goal.

With RS facing and starting at the right-hand edge of the Right Front neck edge, use the larger needle to pick up and knit sts along the Right Front Neck Edge.

Slide sts held off for the back neck onto a holder and work 2 x 2 rib over these sts being certain to start appropriately so that the rib motif joins appropriately to the cable motif sts. Then pick up and knit the same number of sts along the Left Front Neck Edge as for the Right Front. Turn work and begin 2 x 2 rib across all sts.

When collar measures about 3 inches in length, change to smaller needles and work in the collar facing in St st for about 3 inches, then bind off.

Note: Remember that changing to the smaller needles means you might need to work 1 or 2 extra rows in St st to achieve the same length.

Blocking
Work in all ends. Block the cardigan to finished dimensions. Use pins to fold over the collar facing and to secure the edges; this will be a great help when it comes time to sew in the zipper and sew down the facing.

Zipper and Collar Facing
When cardigan is dry, use straight pins to baste the zipper into place. Sew both sides.

Note: The column of p2 (RS) sts is an excellent anchor for sewing in the zipper. I took a length of the Cascade 200 yarn and split it in two (2 plies each) and threaded it into a thinner needle (the size used for needlepoint or petite point). First I used a whip-stitch to baste the zipper to the ribbing, then I back-stitched the zipper to secure it in place. All of the stitches are "buried" in the RS columns of purl stitches near the center fronts.

After the zipper is stitched in place, fold down the collar facing and pin baste it (to secure it for stitching). The short edges of the facing should cover the edges of the zipper where it’s attached to the collar. The long edge lays flat along the line where the collar stitches were picked up.

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ABOUT THE DESIGNER

designernamespacer Judith Brodnicki is a full-time graphic artist and avid knitter. She lives in Omaha, Nebraska, with her husband, 2 cats and 2 black Labs (the latter of whom were banned from the guest room while the cardigan was blocked) .

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